Natural Stone | How It's Made


In this section we explain how a stone is manufactured. This information can be very advantageous because it enables you to understand stone from the beginning and evaluate its performance aspects: why certain stone floors wear better and longer. Plus, perhaps most important, understanding how a stone floor is created can help you better determine the value of stone keep you inside the borders of your budget.

  • blocks of stone are cut from earth with diamond studded, high speed equipment
  • diamond wire cutting system revolutionized the extraction process
  • blocks then moved to a processing plant
  • then cut into slabs
  • takes 2 days for a saw to cut a 20 ton block of stone
  • sent through a polishing machine for the finish
  • finishes range from rough, rustic texture to mirrored polish
  • slab is calibrated to uniform thickness
  • customized for specific installations
  • edges shaped and polished
  • for tiles, slabs are just cut down
  • polished with a different machine than slabs
  • tiles packaged, shipped and stored (vertically only)

Manufactured Stone

  • also called Agglomerate Stone
  • synthetic stone made from natural stone chips
  • suspended in a binder such as cement, epoxy resins or polyester
  • popular types  made mostly of quartz
  • natural quartz gives depth, strength and consistency
  • offers look of natural stone but can be more cost-effective
  • available in a wide array of colors from neutrals to brights
  • scratch resistant but not scratch proof
  • doesn’t require sealing because it’s non-porous
  • highly resistant to staining, very hygienic and maintenance free
  • four times the flexural strength of granite, less chance of chipping or cracking
  • can be used in many applications, including flooring,